Timely detection of pathology of the child’s vision is the key to good vision in the future.
Along with the growth of the child, the visual organ also develops. In childhood, it is much easier to cope with various diseases of the visual system, or it’s possible simply prevent them from developing. High visual acuity and the presence of binocular single vision determine the quality of life of a person, and often his professional activity. Eye health is established from an early age. The appearance of the child does not give a real picture, and parents may not notice the visual impairment of a child. If a child has a problem with refraction (astigmatism, myopia, hyperopia), he will never complain. A child with vision problems simply does not know how to see it 100%. Moreover, he adapts to his condition.
The task of parents is to release a child into adulthood healthy and with maximum potential. As you know, preventing a disease is much easier than treating it.
For this, timely diagnosis and timely treatment are necessary. Often, a lot depends on when a disease is discovered. After all, the chances of success can quickly come down to a small percentage or completely disappear. Violations of visual functions, if they are not corrected, lead to poor school performance, and to a limitation in the choice of profession (which most seriously affects a person’s life), not to mention the sad cases of loss of vision. At the first examination, the baby gets to the children’s ophthalmologist when he turns one month old. The second examination is carried out when the child is one year old. Then, if there is no pathology, a child needs to visit an ophthalmologist at least once a year. In the first year of life, the doctor looks after organic pathology and then controls refraction (the refractive power of the eye).
After a thorough examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist, your child will be prescribed appropriate treatment and will give recommendations on the right lifestyle and eye hygiene. If a child is diagnosed with differences from the norm, complex treatment is immediately prescribed. Our clinic uses specially designed plans for the rehabilitation of children’s vision, aimed at improving trophic processes, improving reserves and functions of the ciliary muscle. The treatment regimen is fitted for each patient individually, taking into account the characteristics of his eyes. It should be noted that most childhood eye diseases are successfully treated.
A large proportion of requests are patients with reduced distance vision. The reality is that myopia occurs even in preschoolers. This is also due to the fact that today the child pays more attention to near-sight working and spends a lot of time with gadgets. In addition, the individual data (capabilities of the ciliary muscle) are different for everyone, so someone has enough school work to quickly develop myopia, and someone can spend all day with the mobile phone and not feel any discomfort. To assess the work of the eye at near-sight, there are special tests to determine whether the child is at risk for myopia.
Reasons to contact a pediatric ophthalmologist:
- incorrect position of the eyes (constant and unstable)
- distance vision reducing
- partially closed eyes
- eyelid pulling to the temple
- low head inclination when reading and writing
- eye fatigue when reading and writing
- eye redness
- eye itching, dry eye syndrome
- injury to the eye or area near the eye
- foreign body contact with the eye
- preventive examination of newborns
- ametropia (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism)
- accommodation disorder
- emergency diagnosis
- biomicroscopy, fundus examination
- purpose of optical correction (glasses, soft contact lenses, contact lenses for daily wear, Ortho-k lenses)
- treatment of eye infections
- sounding and washing the lacrimal canal of the eyes of a newborn till 6 months
- individual course of apparatus treatment
- Strabismus (pleoptics, orthoptics, diploptics)
- accommodation disturbances (accommodative spasm, habitual excessive tension of accommodation, weakness of accommodation, asthenopia)
- amblyopia (anisometropic, obscuration, refractive, due to strabismus)
- degenerative diseases (glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, optic atrophy)
How to prevent eye diseases?
- control the visual workload of the child, regularly visit the doctor
- wear glasses (lenses) if it is recommended by an ophthalmologist
- do not form the habit of uncontrolled use of gadgets. A single session – no more than 20 minutes. In this context, watching cartoons on a TV is preferable to watching on a phone or tablet. But the time spent in front of a TV also needs to be limited, as well as control the distance to the screen (the further the better)
- control the quality of lighting in a workplace
- keep a distance of 30-40 cm from the eyes to the book or notebook